The effects of jaw misalignment are physical and emotional. When the condition is severe it can interfere with eating, breathing, sleeping and speech, and cause discomfort and pain even when the jaw isn't moving. This is because the joint where the upper and lower jaw meet is complex, and when it isn't able to function properly, chronic pain is often the result. Children with misaligned jaws can encounter teasing from their peers, and even if they don't, their underbite or overbite may make them self-conscious. Dentists and orthodontists call a mismatched bite "malocclusion," and the treatments include orthodontic work, cosmetic dentistry and surgery, depending on the severity of the malocclusion.
In fixed braces, a bracket is attached to the front of each individual tooth with a special adhesive. The brackets, which can be made of metal or ceramic, are linked together by orthodontic wires. Fixed braces are suitable for severe cases of misaligned teeth. Metal braces are the cheapest and most effective in fixing severely misaligned teeth. Ceramic braces look more natural than metal braces but cost more and take longer to straighten misaligned teeth.
These are virtually unnoticeable because of their clear colour, and can be removed during meals and while brushing teeth. Invisible aligners are suitable for less severe cases of misaligned teeth. They are a more expensive choice, but may provide an option for people worried about how they would look like with braces and who wish to enjoy eating without the hassle of having something in the mouth.
These are fixed metal braces attached to the back of the teeth rather that the front. They are thus ideal for adults or older teenagers who are concerned about the appearance of traditional fixed braces. Lingual braces are more expensive and harder to clean than regular fixed braces. Another disadvantage of lingual braces is that they can graze your tongue and affect your speech. Oral hygiene may become a bigger challenge.